Biochemistry III (Animal Biochemical Processes) BSC303

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Biochemistry III (Animal Biochemical Processes) BSC303

Academy for Distance Learning
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Description

Gain a deeper knowledge of human and animal life processes. Expand your science or health career options to a higher level. A course designed for people working or wishing to work in a human or animal health or science related profession, as practitioner, educator or researcher.

Learn to explain a range of common biochemical processes with an emphasis upon animal and human biochemical processes

PREREQUISITE

or equivalent

COURSE AIMS
  • Explain the interaction between the various biochemical processes within the animal cell.
  • Explain the processes of glycolysis and glycogen metabolism.
  • Understand the transport mechanism of bio-chemicals through animal membranes.
  • Explain the processes of electron …

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Didn't find what you were looking for? See also: Biochemistry, Veterinary Services, Nursing, (Sport) Nutrition, and Health Management.

Gain a deeper knowledge of human and animal life processes. Expand your science or health career options to a higher level. A course designed for people working or wishing to work in a human or animal health or science related profession, as practitioner, educator or researcher.

Learn to explain a range of common biochemical processes with an emphasis upon animal and human biochemical processes

PREREQUISITE

or equivalent

COURSE AIMS
  • Explain the interaction between the various biochemical processes within the animal cell.
  • Explain the processes of glycolysis and glycogen metabolism.
  • Understand the transport mechanism of bio-chemicals through animal membranes.
  • Explain the processes of electron transfer and oxidative phosphorylation, and their importance to energy regulation in animals.
  • Explain the metabolism of carbohydrates.
  • Explain the metabolism of lipids
  • Explain the metabolism of amino acids.
  • Explain biochemical nucleotide metabolism
  • Explain enzyme reactions and catalysis in biochemistry.
  • Explain other biochemical processes including biochemical communication through hormones and neurotransmission.
COURSE CONTENT

There are eleven lessons in this module as follows:

  1. Introduction
  2. Glycolysis and Glycogen Metabolism
  3. Movement through Membranes
  4. Electron Transport and Oxidative Phosphorylation
  5. Sugar and Polysaccharide Metabolism
  6. Lipid Metabolism
  7. Amino Acid Metabolism
  8. Nucleotide Metabolism
  9. Enzyme Activity
  10. Other Processes

Below are some extracts from this course:

Extract from Lesson 4

OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION

Electron transport and oxidative phosphorylation are, in effect, parts of the same biochemical process. Oxidative phosphorylation is the process where the phosphorylation is actually associated with electron transport. It takes place in the inner membrane of the mitochondria. It involves a series of complexes. ADP joins with inorganic phosphate to give ATP and water. The way the actual reaction occurs is yet to be clearly understood, however, it is known that the proton gradient established as electrons move from NADH to O 2 in the electron transport chain is what results in the phosphorylation of ADP to ATP. This is the Chemiosmotic Hypothesis . The synthesised ATP is then aided out of the mitochondria with the help of an intrinsic membrane protein called the adenine nucleotide translocator; this protein transports ADP to the inside and ATP to the outside.

Extract from Lesson 5

THE PENTOSE PHOSPHATE PATHWAY

In cells the most widely used reducing agent is NADPH which donates electrons in reductive biosynthesis such as fat metabolism. NADPH is produced by the pentose phosphate pathway, which also generates intermediates for incorporation into glycolysis. The pentose phosphate pathway is predominantly active in adipose (fat) cells.

NADPH is produced by the first few reactions of the pentose phosphate pathway, when glucose 6-phosphate is converted to 6-phosphoglucono-d-lactone by the enzyme glucose 6-phosphate dehdrogenase and again by conversion of 6-phosphogluconate to ribulose 5-phosphate by 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase. Ribulose 5-phosphate is then converted to ribose 5-phosphate by phosphopentose isomerase.

Now revised (2009) this course now provides you with an indepth guide to the fascinating world of animal biochemistry. Where appropriate, diagrams are used to illustrate principles and pathways. This course forms part of many of our more advanced diplomas such as health science advanced diplomas that can be used towards degree programs. This course is designed for people working or wishing to work in a human or animal health or science related profession, as practitioner, educator or researcher. Learn to explain a range of common biochemical processes with an emphasis upon animal and human biochemical processes.

In this course we examine a wide range of detailed metabolic processes. You will learn to explain a range of common biochemical processes including glycolysis and glycogen metabolism, lipid, amino acid and nucleotide metabolism, enzyme activity, sugar and polysaccharide metabolism, electron transport, oxidative phosphorylation and movement across membranes and a range of other processes. By studying with ADL you will be able to experience the luxury of studying at home and at your own pace! Enroll now to get the most out of this fascinating course.

Prerequisites: Biochemistry II or similar

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