Wildlife Conservation BEB206
DescriptionDiscover how to manage Wildlife and Conservation in any global setting. This course will give students a broad based introduction to wildlife management that can be applied to all types of wildlife around the globe. It can serve as a course in its own right or as part of a higher qualification in environmental or nature park management. Wildlife management is the manipulation of wild animal populations and their habitats for the benefit of both humans and wildlife. Wildlife management includes running parks and reserves, altering and rehabilitating wildlife habitats, pest control, protecting human life and property and managing harvests of wildlife. Lesson cover habitat management, wildlife…
Frequently asked questions
Our Wildlife Conservation course will provide you with the foundation knowledge of the guiding principles fconserving threatened wildlife. This course covers important aspects related to wildlife management such as:
- Habitat use
- Fragmentation and
- Island biogeography
- Genetic diversity and conserving small populations
- Wildlife survey techniques
- Flora survey techniques
- Surveying marine life and
- Working with legislation and much more.
This course is terrific as both a general interest course and as a stepping stone into the field of wildlife conservation.
There are 10 lessons in this course:
1. Introduction to Wildlife Conservation
- What is wildlife conservation
- The need for wildlife conservation
- Important concepts ‚Äì ecology, ecosystem, biome, conservation values, biological diversity, genetic drift, habitat, life span, wildlife movement and wildlife management.
- Threatening processes ‚Äì habitat fragmentation, habitat degradation and loss, soil degradation, erosion, pollution, unsustainable harvesting, invasive species, climate change, population isolation and disease.
- Biodiversity indicators
2. Recovery of Threatened Species
- Loss of species ‚Äì categories of risk
- Species vulnerability to endangerment
- Recovery of species and threat management
- Habitat Conservation ‚Äì identifying critical habitat and protecting habitat
- Research ‚Äì population growth, habitat use and conservation genetics
- Captive breeding
- Public involvement
3. Habitat Conservation
- Types of Habitat ‚Äì eg. temperate and tropical forests, woodland, tundra and mangrove habitats
- Habitat Use
- Species Richness
- Habitat Fragmentation
- Creating Habitats
- Restoration Ecology ‚Äì creating habitat corridors, situating corridors, types of corridors, edge effects
- Habitat Rehabilitation ‚Äì implementing a land management program, determining objectives, determining a program
- The Role of GIS in Conservation
- The Role of Protected Areas ‚Äì levels of protection, approaches to reserve selection and limitation of reserves.
4. Approaches to Conservation of Threatened Wildlife
- Species Approach ‚Äì modelling demography, effective population size, small populations, population viability analysis (PVA)
- Landscape Approach ‚Äì elements of landscape ecology, distribution of populations within a landscape, landscape modelling
- Ecosystem Approach ‚Äì the need for ecosystem management, understanding dynamics, adaptive management, objectives for ecologically sustainable forest management.
5. Vegetation Surveys
- Plant Identification ‚Äì common names, scientific names, levels of division, botanical keys,
- Vegetation survey techniques such as quadrat surveys, landscape assessments, line surveys.
- Vegetation Mapping ‚Äì remote sensing data.
6. Fauna Surveys
- Observation techniques ‚Äì spotlighting, scat surveys, census techniques
- Trapping Techniques ‚Äì radio tracking, call recordings, pit fall traps, Elliot traps.
- Species identification
7. Marine Surveys
- Reef Surveys
- Habitat Surveys
- Aerial Surveys
- Commercial Fish Stock Management
8. Planning for Wildlife
- Farm Planning
- Urban Planning
- Residential Planning
- Use of GIS
- Managing Threatened Wildlife Populations ‚Äì manipulating populations, revegetation/restoration, creating corridors, pest control plans, fencing for species, fire breaks.
10. Wildlife Conservation Project
Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school\'s tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.
- Develop a concept of the guiding principles of wildlife conservation and the threats to wildlife.
- Determine the principles and approaches used towards species recovery.
- Discuss the principles of habitat conservation with regards to fragmentation, restoration and the use of protected areas.
- Describe and discuss the various approaches used to conserve threatened species and ecosystems.
- Appreciate the range of flora survey techniques that have been developed to sample fauna for the purposes of conservation.
- Discuss and differentiate between fauna survey techniques that have been developed to sample fauna for the purposes of conservation.
- Discuss and differentiate between marine survey techniques used to conserve wildlife.
- Discuss and differentiate the range of planning tools available for farming, urban and residential planning to help conserve wildlife.
- Identify various management techniques used to conserve wildlife.
- Develop a wildlife recovery plan for a species under threat.
What You Will Do
- Select an invasive species (plant, animal or disease) that is
present in your locality or country. Research information on the
species such as:
- Form of dispersal
- Ecology ‚Äì eg. behaviour, food and shelter preferences.
- Impact of this species ‚Äì eg. competition, predation, infection, habitat modification
- Control Measures in place.
- Select an endangered species (plant or animal) within your
locality or country. Research information on the species
- Conduct research into the categories of threatened species within your own state or country. You could contact your local Environmental Protection Agency or search the internet. Find out what these categories are, what the category means and any species that fall into this category.
- Conduct research on an endangered species within your country.
Gather information on the following:
- What conservation efforts are being undertaken.
- Research five (5) habitat types. Find out information on the characteristics of the habitat, wildlife present and any potential or ongoing threats to this habitat.
- Research legislation for protecting species relevant to your local area. What controls are in place to conserve habitat. List any incentives available to private landholders to conserve habitat on their property.
- Conduct research on a threatened species in your region or country (either by the internet or contacting your relevant Environmental Protection Agency). Collect information on how you would attempt to conserve this species using a landscape approach.
- Visit a natural/semi-natural area in your locality that has varying vegetation types. Conduct a small-scale flora survey of the species present using one of the techniques mentioned in the lesson. Prepare a report on your findings including: Description of Area, Methodology (including materials used); Results (Species and Vegetation types present).
- Either contact an Environmental Consultant or search the internet to get information on 2 different fauna surveys carried out in your country. Gather information on the techniques used, the results and any shortcomings of the surveys that you may have noticed.
- Set up a spot in your backyard for observation (if you do not
have a backyard visit a local park or semi-natural area). sit for
30 minutes and observe the species you observe (both plant and
animal). Record the animal activities you observe.
- Conduct research on a survey approach taken for a threatened species of your choosing. Find out the survey approaches used, what were the results and how the data was used. Was this project successful, do you think another approach would have been more successful? Why?
- Contact (either in person, email, by telephone or internet
search) an organisation involved in integrating wildlife into farm,
urban or residential planning (eg. Land for Wildlife, Local
Councils, Conservation Partners Program of NSW, Conservation Grade,
UK). Find out information such as:
- What are the goals of this organisation?
- How do they plan for wildlife?
- How do they encourage the public to be involved in conservation efforts?
- On the internet, research a project that uses exclusion fencing (or another exclusion method) to protect a threatened species. Find out information about the target species, its ecology, the area fenced, how effective the fencing has been in conserving the species and any issues with the project.
- Develop a wildlife recovery plan for a species under threat.